He also mentions that they both play an important role in the designing of new technology. They are different because engineers do the actual building for a new design, and artists are mainly help engineers create a specific image on how the design is supposed to look and feel. The term innovation means coming up with new products based on technologies that already exist. One example of innovation technology is wireless charging.
Hobbes The Social Contract We give up our right to ourselves exact retribution for crimes in return for impartial justice backed by overwhelming force.
We retain the right to life and liberty, and gain the right to just, impartial protection of our property If you shut up and do as you are told, you have the right not to be killed, and you do not even have the right not to be killed, for no matter what the Sovereign does, it does not constitute violation of the contract.
Violation of the social contract If a ruler seeks absolute power, if he acts both as judge and participant in disputes, he puts himself in a state of war with his subjects and we have the right and the duty to kill such rulers and their servants.
No right to rebel. The King can do no wrong, because lawful and unlawful, good and evil, are merely commands, merely the will of the ruler. Civil Society Civil society precedes the state, both morally and historically.
Society creates order and grants the state legitimacy. Civil society is the application of force by the state to uphold contracts and so forth. Civil society is a creation of the state. Rights Men have rights by their nature You conceded your rights to the government, in return for your life Role of the State The only important role of the state is to ensure that justice is seen to be done Whatever the state does is just by definition.
All of society is a direct creation of the state, and a reflection of the will of the ruler. Authorized use of force Authorization is meaningless, except that the authorization gives us reason to believe that the use of force is just.
If authorization does not give us such confidence, perhaps because the state itself is a party to the dispute, or because of past lawless acts and abuses by the state, then we are back in a state of nature. The concept of just use of force is meaningless or cannot be known. Just use of force is whatever force is authorized The Grolier encyclopedia contrasts Locke and Hobbes as follows: As the first systematic theorist of the philosophy of liberalism, Locke exercised enormous influence in both England and America.
In his Two Treatises of GovernmentLocke set forth the view that the state exists to preserve the natural rights of its citizens. When governments fail in that task, citizens have the right—and sometimes the duty—to withdraw their support and even to rebel.
He refuted it by pointing to existing and real historical examples of people in a state of nature. For this purpose he regarded any people who are not subject to a common judge to resolve disputes, people who may legitimately take action to themselves punish wrong doers, as in a state of nature.
Second treatise, Section 14 It is often asked as a mighty objection, where are, or ever were, there any men in such a state of Nature? The promises and bargains for truck, etc. Second treatise, Section 17, 18, 19 And hence it is that he who attempts to get another man into his absolute power does thereby put himself into a state of war with him; it being to be understood as a declaration of a design upon his life.
For I have reason to conclude that he who would get me into his power without my consent would use me as he pleased when he had got me there, and destroy me too when he had a fancy to it; for nobody can desire to have me in his absolute power unless it be to compel me by force to that which is against the right of my freedom- i.
To be free from such force is the only security of my preservation, and reason bids me look on him as an enemy to my preservation who would take away that freedom which is the fence to it; so that he who makes an attempt to enslave me thereby puts himself into a state of war with me.Mar 06, · Following Robert J.
Kolker 's summary of Thomas Hobbes, here's a (somewhat more in depth) summary of John Locke's themes and ideas: The Moral Role of Government According to Locke, political power is the natural power of each man collectively given up into the hands of a designated body.
Concerning the Philosophies of John Locke and Karl Marx Leave a comment The philosophies of Marx and Locke are surreptitiously similar, as their fundamental assumptions appear to coincide rather harmoniously.
MORE: Locke John Locke Flag ClosePost a comment Two of the most noted and influential modern political thinkers are John Locke and Karl Marx. John Locke was an english philosopher who was famous for his use of empiricism and his social contract theories.
Compare and contrast the political views of John Locke and Thomas Hobbes. What would be advantages and disadvantages of a living under the system(s) of government each man advocated? Contrast iii.
May 22, · Compare and Contrast the Philosophies of John Locke, Thomas Hobbes, and Karl Marx In the idea of human nature; origin of state, the nature of government, the rights of regulation can be drawn as the reflection of insightful philosophies of John Locke, Thomas Hobbes and Karl Marx.
By understanding this within the context of human. Locke versus Hobbes. by [email protected] Locke and Hobbes were both social contract theorists, and both natural law theorists (Natural law in the sense of Saint Thomas Aquinas, not Natural law in the sense of Newton), but there the resemblance ends.