Early life[ edit ] Munshi Premchand was born on 31 July in Lamhia village located near Varanasi Benares and was named Dhanpat Rai "master of wealth". His ancestors came from a large Kayastha family, which owned eight to nine bighas of land. When he was 8, his mother died after a long illness. His grandmother, who took the responsibility of raising him, died soon after.
Early life[ edit ] Munshi Premchand was born on 31 July in Lamhia village located near Varanasi Benares and was named Dhanpat Rai "master of wealth". His ancestors came from a large Kayastha family, which owned eight to nine bighas of land.
When he was 8, his mother died after a long illness. His grandmother, who took the responsibility of raising him, died soon after. His father, Dowry essays in hindi language was now posted at Gorkhapur, remarried, but Premchand received little affection from his stepmother.
He took the job of selling books for a book wholesaler, thus getting the opportunity to read a lot of books.
It was a farce on a bachelor, who falls in love with a low-caste woman. The match was arranged by his maternal step-grandfather. The girl was from a rich landlord family and was older than Premchand, who found her quarrelsome and not good-looking.
He then sought admission at the Central Hindu Collegebut was unsuccessful because of his poor arithmetic skills. After racking up several debts, inhe once went to a book shop to sell one of his collected books. The novel was published in a series in the Benares-based Urdu weekly Awaz-e-Khalk from 8 October to February He stayed in Kanpur for around four years, from May to June There he met Munshi Daya Narain Nigam, the editor of the Urdu magazine Zamana, in which he later published several articles and stories.
He did not find the weather of the atmosphere conducive for writing. Plus, he faced domestic trouble due to quarrels between his wife and his step-mother.
Premchand angrily scolded his wife, after she unsuccessfully tried to commit suicide by hanging. It explores the issue of widow remarriage in the contemporary conservative society: According to Prakash Chandra Gupta, "while containing seeds of his future greatness in many ways, the novel is still youthful and lacks the discipline which full maturity brings".
The collection, which was later banned, contained four stories which sought to inspire the Indians in their struggle for political freedom.
Dhanpat Rai stopped using the name "Nawab Rai" and became Premchand. InMunshi Premchand started writing in Hindi Hindi and Urdu are considered different registers of a single language Hindustaniwith Hindi drawing much of its vocabulary from Sanskrit and Urdu being more influenced by Persian.
By this time, he was already reputed as a fiction writer in Urdu. Gorakhpur[ edit ] A plaque commemorating Munshi Premchand at the hut where he resided in Gorakhpur from to In AugustPremchand was transferred to Gorakhpur on a promotion. ByPremchand had published four novels, of about a hundred pages each.
It was well received by the critics, and helped Premchand gain wider recognition. InPremchand obtained a BA degree from Allahabad. On 8 Februaryhe attended a meeting in Gorakhpur, where Mahatma Gandhi asked people to resign from government jobs as part of the non-cooperation movement.
Premchand, although physically unwell and with two kids and a pregnant wife to support, thought about it for 5 days and decided, with the consent of his wife, to resign from his government job. Back to Benares[ edit ] After quitting his job, Premchand left Gorakhpur for Benares on 18 Marchand decided to focus on his literary career.
Till his death inhe faced severe financial difficulties and chronic ill health.
In MarchPremchand launched a literary-political weekly magazine titled Hans, aimed at inspiring the Indians to mobilise against the British rule. Premchand then took over and edited another magazine called Jagaran, which too ran at a loss.
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