By Saul McLeodupdated Operant conditioning is a method of learning that occurs through rewards and punishments for behavior. Through operant conditioning, an individual makes an association between a particular behavior and a consequence Skinner, By the s, John B. Watson had left academic psychology, and other behaviorists were becoming influential, proposing new forms of learning other than classical conditioning.
How to Write a Summary of an Article? Also, it helps them to communicate, interact and associate with others in the society and therefore meet the need of the required cultural customs of the regions they live in. We will write a custom essay sample on B.
His theories indicate that new skills are attained either through operant or classical conditioning to the child thereby deepening the effects that these conditions have on the immediate environment of the child.
Autistic children have difficulties in understanding the language, learning how to interact with others and may be characterized by unusual repetitive Skinners operant conditioning theory essay. Skimmer theories require that stimulation is used on these children for their language development to improve.
Autistic children training through positive and negative reinforcement have indicated improved levels of comprehension to their responses and sound development.
Early stages operant conditioning As skinner theories suggest, language deficient autistic children requires more attention from their early stages of development compared to others. During the crying and cooing stage, it is hard to establish the children that are autisic but keen mothers can be able to tell if their children are deficient.
Caregivers therefore, must assess and try to understand the child for early assistance to be availed thereby reducing late language development.
The basic communication essence of the baby may be different and the mother must adopt the correct rhythm to understand the child and making it comfortable. The voluntary behavior at this stage is therefore highly improved with the child being able to associate with specific aspects and people.
Teachers and caregivers should reduce the number of words and also minimize the rate of introduction of new words to the child. Increased personalized attention must be encouraged for the child to comprehend the new establishment necessary for his language development.
Negative reinforcement increases the concentration for the child and reduces his unresponsiveness to different aspects relating to his requirements. The child easily identifies with the environment he is based in and with advanced reinforcement, he may be able to increase his ability to identify more people apart from his mother.
Generalization and follow up. Children acquire the linguistic competences when they have access to languages environment either at home, school or playing with other children.
Community and early childhood supporters must start from the general aspect of the child to the specific understanding where the child can be able to communicate freely with the rest of the people.
Though the phonology of the child may take longer compared to other children, pronunciation, intonation and rules for combining syllables consequently develop with this assistance.
Others may have more difficulty with the semantics especially for combined sentences. As indicated earlier, the efforts should be based on the basis of the immediate environment and more reinforcement emphasized for faster development.
The motherese assistance should be extended even after the babies have exceeded the age for intensive care and support from the mother and the caregivers. The teachers therefore, must comprehend the child condition and increase the personal assistance in the quest for this development.
Assessment at this stage assist the caregivers and the trainers to understand the level of the child response in relation to different aspects that surround him. Turn about strategy should be employed especially for the children with severe autisic conditions.
The subjects should be changed for the child to comprehend issues and language commands. Previously, negative reinforcement are employed with punishment being associated to the wrong actions. Modification calls for shift in the application of the reinforcement mode for the children where good actions are encouraged through positive reinforcement that are healthier by providing the child with appropriate behavioral guidelines.
This method benefits the child and the parents as well as the society where the impacts related to the children behavior are positive.
People in the immediate surrounding of the child, must however conform to the positive reinforcement method to reduce confusion to the child. However, skinner theories do not address clearly how deprivation is related to reinforcement in the child language development especially for the children with language learning disabilities.
Identification of these reinforcement have lacked the the accuracy and completeness which establishes the beginning and the exact ending period of the process.B.F.
Skinner Operant Conditioning research papers examine the type of learning in which an individual’s behavior is modified through reinforcement or punishment. American psychologist B.F. Skinner developed the term “operant conditioning”.
According to Skinners theory of Radical Behaviorism, it observes reinforcement as a central concept of behaviorism and as a central tool for controlling and shaping of behavior. A major misconception about this theory is that negative reinforcement is identical to punishment.
Early stages operant conditioning As skinner theories suggest, language deficient autistic children requires more attention from their early stages of development compared to others. The family members and the mothers especially must dedicate high attention to them with the aim of assisting their language development (William & Ferguson, ).
The Theory of Operant Conditioning Essay The Theory of Operant Conditioning PSY October 6, Introduction The study of human behavior by psychologists such as B.F. Skinner, Edward Thorndike, Ivan Pavlov, and Watson is fascinating.
Operant Conditioning Essay - Operant Conditioning Overview: The theory of B.F. Skinner is based upon the idea that learning is a function of change in overt behavior.
Changes in behavior are the result of an individual's response to events (stimuli) that occur in the environment. According to Skinners theory of Radical Behaviorism, it observes reinforcement as a central concept of behaviorism and as a central tool for controlling and shaping of behavior.
A major misconception about this theory is that negative reinforcement is identical to punishment.