Collins and Matthew J.
Human Rights Watch, Saudi Arabia: Executions for Drug Crimes. Habib Toumi, Man executed for attacks on banks, Gulf News, https: Khaleej Times, Saudi man executed for burning father while he was sleeping, https: Gulf Business, Nigerian national executed in Saudi for drug smuggling, http: Saudi Press Agency, Two Pakistanis crucified for having committed multi-capital crimes against some expatriates in Saudi Arabia, https: The New Arab, Saudi Arabia executes 7 in one day, https: Aggravated murder may be punishable by death as both hadd and qisas.
This may not be the Hanbali position, but one Al-Adl a journal published by the Saudi Ministry of Justice article adopted this position.
Murder is punishable by death as qisas. Other Offenses Resulting in Death. Killing without intent may be punishable by death as hadd, but probably not as qisas.
For most schools, including the Hanbali school, all participants in a group robbery resulting in death were punishable by death, regardless of cause or intent.
For instance, rape is reported to result in the death penalty,  and further investigation shows that the offender was a serial rapist who secluded and robbed his victims. Robbery is punishable by death as hadd, but in most schools including the Hanbali school only when resulting in death.
For a fuller explanation, see our comments.
Arson Not Resulting in Death. Some forms of arson might carry a statutory death penalty under a Fatwa on terrorism-related activities. According to Amnesty International, under a Fatwa issued around the death penalty became mandatory for a number of drug offenses;  under Royal Decree no.
Drug Trafficking Not Resulting in Death. According to Amnesty International, under Royal Decree no. An article published in Al-Adl indicates that not all Saudi appellate courts agree on the correct application of narcotics laws to those who possess drugs—some arguing that those who possess requisite amounts should be presumed to be engaged in trafficking, others arguing that possession should be considered trafficking based on other factors.
A finding of trafficking could trigger the death penalty under Royal Decree no. Zina carries the death penalty as hadd for married persons and lashing for unmarried personsunder demanding evidentiary showings. In Saudi Arabia, individuals can be and have been sentenced to death and executed for apostasy.
Judges reportedly treat gay and lesbian sexual relations as zina, applying the penalty of death or lashing according to the circumstances. In this regard, Saudi jurisprudence is heterodox in that it treats lesbianism as punishable as hadd.
We did not find any codified law on the offense of treason. The conditions under which treason was historically punished by death have been limited. Some scholars have confused the hadd penalty of death for rebellion—which was seen as treason—as a judicially enforceable penalty, but a discussion of the offense of rebellion shows that the hadd penalty, as conceived of by most schools, simply included the right of the ruler to kill when necessary in subduing a rebellion, which might include the right to pursue and dispatch fleeing rebels.
This proof is not as simple as demonstrating that the rebel opposed a just authority—and in fact, for most schools historically the finding did not turn on whether the authority was just or the rebel was correct.
In some cases, groups with heterodox beliefs may have been considered rebels, or, instead, corrupt on earth these are not the samealthough whether this carried a judicial penalty is unclear from the sources we referenced. The death penalty might be applied as ta'zir for espionage.
Offenses such as treason and disloyalty are punished severely; other offenses would seem not to carry the death penalty except when falling under the jurisdiction of a Sharia court, which might apply the death penalty.
Other Offenses Not Resulting in Death. Partaking of intoxicants has been considered a hadd offense with the penalty of whipping. Saudi jurists apply the mandatory death penalty for a wide range of offenses, although traditionally each mandatory death penalty is different in its application.
Hudud offenses are considered claims of God, and are described in the Quran, although the penalty for a hadd singular offense is usually found in the Sunna. It might be possible for Saudi courts to achieve a discretionary, non-arbitrary standard by limiting application of hudud penalties to cases that are particularly egregious and unmitigated by any form of doubt, but we have seen no evidence that Saudi courts apply hadd penalties in a narrow, non-arbitrary fashion—so the death penalty as hadd can be considered mandatory in Saudi Arabia.
The death penalty as qisas is mandatory in Saudi Arabia. Terrorism-Related Offenses Resulting in Death. According to Amnesty International, under a Fatwa issued March 11, the death penalty became mandatory for a number of drug offenses;  under Royal Decree no. Treason might carry a hadd death penalty, although the circumstances under which a judicial hadd penalty would traditionally apply might be limited to terrorism-related offenses, or might include holding heterodox opinions--without more information we cannot describe the scope of this offense in Saudi Arabia.The Colorado Supreme Court has upheld a lower court's decision to reverse David Bueno's first-degree murder conviction because evidence that might have helped him was withheld in his death penalty.
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10 Reasons The Death Penalty Should Be Legal. Should the death penalty be legal? To listen to some people in favor of the abolition of the death penalty or organizations such as Amnesty International the United States, by executing criminals, stands alongside such countries as China and Saudi Arabia in .
The American Civil Liberties Union believes the death penalty inherently violates the constitutional ban against cruel and unusual punishment and the guarantees of due process of law and of equal protection under the law.
Furthermore, we believe that the state should not give itself the right to kill human beings – especially when it kills with . ICDP is an independent body of politically influential people with international standing – supported by a diverse group of 18 governments from all world regions – working for a world free from the death penalty.
DPIC Report on Costs of the Death Penalty and Police Chiefs' Views. The Death Penalty Information Center's report, "Smart on Crime: Reconsidering the Death Penalty in a Time of Economic Crisis," was released in October The report combines an analysis of the costs of the death penalty with a national poll of police chiefs, who put capital punishment at the bottom of their law enforcement.