Girl between 11 and 15 at time of abuse, but 17 at time of trial Stepbrother of child's mother; child considered him an uncle Described as "companion dog;" presumably the dog was certified as court distinguishes the decision of the court of appeals in Devon D.
Belfort Bax 's work in The Ethics of Socialism being an early example.
Modern usage[ edit ] Use of sic greatly increased in the mid-twentieth century. Garner to comment, " For example, "Poor grammar makes me [sic]" has been featured on garments and postcards.
The application of sic with intent to disparage has been called the "benighted use" because it reflects a "false sense of superiority" in its users. The chain sums up its appeal thus: Garner dubbed this use of sic "ironic", providing the following example from Fred Rodell 's book Nine Men: Formatting[ edit ] Where sic follows the quotation, it takes brackets: Criticism[ edit ] Use of sic has been noted for its potential to bring about linguistic discrimination.
In response, Lee F. Rogersthe Editor in Chief of AJR, apologized for the possible discriminatory interpretation and offered the following explanation for its decision to insert sic on multiple occasions rather than to copy-edit: However, because of the seriousness of the allegations addressed, we believed that verbatim quotes were necessary.
Under such circumstances, we did not think it correct for us to assume the meaning of misspelled words or the intent of the author of the letter in question.
Replacement[ edit ] Some guides, including The Chicago Manual of Stylerecommend "quiet copy-editing " unless where inappropriate or uncertain instead of inserting a bracketed sic, such as by substituting in brackets the correct word in place of the incorrect word or by simply replacing an incorrect spelling with the correct one.
Alternatively, to show both the original and the suggested correction as they often are in palaeographyone may give the actual form, followed by recte, then the corrected form, in brackets.
The Latin adverb recte means rightly.
According to the Journal of Seventeenth-Century Music Style Sheet, there should be no punctuation, for example no colon, before the corrected word when using recte.
Giles House University Hall' .High Plains Library District provides access to many online resources and services including encyclopedias, magazines, newspaper articles, medical and health information, business resources, and reference information on science, literature, math, the arts and education.
Within quotations, use square brackets [ ] (not parentheses) to add your own clarification, comment, or correction. Use [sic] (meaning "so" or "thus") to indicate that a .
 Public order courts, which originally heard only minor public order issues, were suspended in , and public order cases became heard in criminal courts.
"The public court is the court of a single judge, the preliminary jurisdiction of which is defined by law in civil, criminal and personal matter cases. Sic in square brackets is an editing term used with quotations or excerpts.
It means "that's really how it appears in the original." It is used when writing quoted material to indicate that an incorrect or unusual spelling, phrase, punctuation or meaning in the quote has been reproduced verbatim from the original and is not a transcription.
LEGAL RESEARCH, LEGAL WRITING, AND LEGAL ANALYSIS: PUTTING LAW SCHOOL INTO PRACTICE 1 Legal research and writing courses have a variety of names at different schools: Lawyering; Legal Skills; Legal Research and Writing; Legal Reasoning, Research, and Writing; Legal Writing; and Communication and Legal Reasoning are some of the more.
The Online Writing Lab (OWL) at Purdue University houses writing resources and instructional material, and we provide these as a free service of the Writing Lab at Purdue.